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Charcoal

 HOW TO MAKE MONEY RE-PACKING HARDWOOD CHARCOAL FOR THE EXPORT MARKET.

If only you know how bad your finances is being hurt by not tapping into the hardwood charcoal export goldmine  just like some other Nigerians living abroad then you would speedy consider doing the business.

Charcoal is the blackish residue consisting of impure carbon obtained by removing water and other volatile constituents from animal and vegetation substances.  Charcoal is usually produced by slow pyrolysis, the heating of wood, sugar, bone char, or other substances in the absence of oxygen (see pyrolysis, char and biochar).  The resulting soft, brittle, lightweight, black, porous material resembles coal and is 85% to 98% carbon with the remainder consisting of volatile chemicals and ash.

Types of Charcoal:

Commercial charcoal is found in either lump, briquette, or extruded forms:

• Lump charcoal is made directly from hardwood material and usually produces far less ash than briquettes. 

• Briquettes are made by compressing charcoal, typically made from sawdust and other wood by-products, with a binder and other additives.  The binder is usually starch.  Some briquettes may also include brown coal (heat source), mineral carbon (heat source), borax, sodium nitrate (ignition aid), limestone (ash-whitening agent), raw sawdust (ignition aid), and other additives like paraffin or petroleum solvents to aid in ignition.

• Extruded charcoal is made by extruding either raw ground wood or carbonized wood into logs without the use of a binder.  The heat and pressure of the extruding process hold the charcoal together.  If the extrusion is made from raw wood material, the extruded logs are then subsequently carbonized. 

The characteristics of charcoal products (lump, briquette, or extruded forms) vary widely from product to product.  Thus it is a common misconception to stereotype any kind of charcoal, saying which burns hotter, etc.

 

Charcoal is sometimes used to power commercial road vehicles—usually buses—in countries where oil is scarce or completely unavailable.  In the years immediately after the Second World War, charcoal buses were in regular use in Japan and are still used today in North Korea

Uses: An application of wood charcoal was as a constituent of gunpowder.  It was also used in metallurgical operations as a reducing agent, but its application has been diminished by the introduction of coke, anthracite smalls, etc.  For example, charcoal may be used to smelt a variety of metals from aluminum to copper as it burns at the necessary temperature: 1,100 °C (2,010 °F). [4] A limited quantity is made up into the form of drawing crayons; but the greatest amount is used as a fuel, which burns hotter and cleaner than wood.  Charcoal is often used by blacksmiths, for cooking, and for other industrial applications.

 Cooking fuel: Charcoal briquettes are widely used for outdoor grilling and barbecue in backyards and on camping trips.  In many non-industrialized countries, charcoal is used for everyday cooking by a large portion of the population.  This is potentially a serious health problem when used indoors since carbon monoxide (CO) is a combustion product.

Industrial fuel: A charcoal powered bus being "fired up" in post war Japan (late 1940s)

Historically, charcoal was used in great quantities for smelting iron in bloomeries and later blast furnaces and finery forges.  This use was replaced by coke during the Industrial Revolution.  For this purpose, charcoal in England was measured in dozens (or loads) consisting of 12 sacks or shems or seams, each of 8 bushels.

Automotive fuel

In times of scarce petroleum, automobiles and even buses have been converted to burn wood gas (gas mixture containing primarily carbon monoxide) released by burning charcoal or wood in a wood gas generator.  In 1931 Tang Zhongming developed an automobile powered by charcoal, and these cars were popular in China until the 1950s.  In occupied France during World War II, wood and wood charcoal production for such vehicles (called gazogènes) increased from pre-war figures of approximately fifty thousand tons a year to almost half a million tons in 1943.

Purification/Filtration: Charcoal may be activated to increase its effectiveness as a filter.  Activated charcoal readily adsorbs a wide range of organic compounds dissolved or suspended in gases and liquids.  Charcoal is often used to filter water to remove bacteria and undesired tastes.  In certain industrial process, such as the purification of sucrose from cane sugar, impurities cause an undesirable color, which can be removed with activated charcoal.  It is also used to absorb odors and toxins in gasses, such as air.  One striking example is the use of charcoal to remove the smell of maraijuana plants in small-scale residential settings.  Charcoal filters are also used in some types of gas masks.  The medical use of activated charcoal is mainly the adsorption of poisons, especially in the case of suicide attempts in which the patient has ingested a large amount of a drug.  Activated charcoal is available without a prescription, so it is used for a variety of health-related applications.  For example, it is often used to reduce discomfort (and embarrassment) due to excessive gas in the digestive tract.

Animal charcoal or bone black is the carbonaceous residue obtained by the dry distillation of bones.  It contains only about 10% carbon, the remainder being calcium and magnesium phosphates (80%) and other inorganic material originally present in the bones.  It is generally manufactured from the residues obtained in the glue and gelatin industries.  Its decolorizing power was applied in 1812 by Derosne to the clarification of the syrups obtained in sugar refining; but its use in this direction has now greatly diminished, owing to the introduction of more active and easily managed reagents.  It is still used to some extent in laboratory practice.  The decolorizing power is not permanent, becoming lost after using for some time; it may be revived, however, by washing and reheating.  Wood charcoal also to some extent removes coloring material from solutions, but animal charcoal is generally more effective.

 Art: Charcoal is used in art for drawing, making rough sketches in painting and is one of the possible media for making a parsemage.  It must usually be preserved by the application of a fixative.  Artists generally utilize charcoal in three forms:

• Vine charcoal is created by burning sticks of wood (usually willow or linden/Tilia) into soft, medium, and hard consistencies. 

• Compressed charcoal charcoal powder mixed with gum binder compressed into round or square sticks.  The amount of binder determines the hardness of the stick.  Compressed charcoal is used in charcoal pencils. 

• Powdered charcoal is often used to "tone" or cover large sections of a drawing surface.  Drawing over the toned areas will darken it further, but the artist can also lighten (or completely erase) within the toned area to create lighter tones. 

Horticulture

 One additional use of charcoal rediscovered recently is in horticulture.  Although American gardeners have been using charcoal for a short while, research on Terra preta soils in the Amazon has found the widespread use of biochar by pre-Columbian natives to turn otherwise unproductive soil into very rich soil.  The technique may find modern application, both to improve soils and as a means of carbon sequestration.

Medicine

Charcoal was consumed in the past as dietary supplement for gastric problems in the form of charcoal biscuits.  Now it can be consumed in tablet, capsule or powder form, for digestive benefits.  Charcoal absorbs gases and toxins to help heartburn, flatulence or indigestion

 Smoking

Special charcoals are used in the smoking of the Hookah.  Lit coals are placed on top of foil, which is placed over the bowl of tobacco, and through indirect heat "cook" the tobacco to a temperature that produces smoke, but does not burn.

 The investor can benefit from these business by buying from Nigeria in bulk and re-packaging it in 2 KG ,5 KG depending on the agreement with the buyer.  Interestlying the investor can start with one container that takes between N500,000 to N600,000 to process and can make 30%-40% return on investment.

 Here are the charcoal producer, you can call them-tell them you are from me, they sell a bag of charcoal from 390 to N500 per bag, you can sell to local or foreign buyers .

Do you know that some local buyers sell charcoal at N1500per bag, you can sell to these local sellers and make a lot of money

Do you know that you can make 100% profit if you buy your charcoal from the farm and sell to the retailers;  a bag of charcoal (30 to 35kg bag) is being sold for N450 to N550 from the farm, while the retailers sell to the final consumer at N1000 to N1,5000 per bag. All you need to do is to buy the charcoal from the farmers and bring it down to the major cities like Lagos, Abuja and port Harcourt and sell to the retailers.

Charcoal Season: Charcoal has a seasonal market, but the season differs from one country to another. For instances in Belgium, UK, Holland, France, Germany and Denmark, the Sales season is from May through August because that is their summer time.The Europeans give out their orders from September to May of the following year.

 In countries like Kuwait, Israel and other Asian countries, it is all-year round and order is placed from January through December. However, there are some big time importers in Europe who also order all year round.

Standard Requirement: There are certain standard requirements to be met in charcoal exports; parameters like fix carbon, Ash content, volatile matter, moisture content need to meet buyer’s specification. Some of the buyers use their local agents to inspect here when loading. Others sometimes request for presentation of sample of the product before shipment

Packaging: Packaging of charcoal is usually done to the specification of the buyer. Some want bulk packaging, in which case, the charcoal is tipped into open high cube containers while others prefer packaging into finished packs like 3kg, 5kg, 10kg and 15kg. Shipping is done through a reputable forwarding company and Terms of Trade can either be by letter of credit or Cash Against Document. The latter is however easier and less costly than the former. Packaging in bulk into containers is easier for beginners because capital investment is low.

Start up Capital: An initial investment of N615, 000 will cover the cost of product sourcing and landing the charcoal at the product. The money will be enough to acquire enough charcoal that will fill a 40-feet high cube container, weighing 23 tonnes. Charcoal from the south west part of the country would always provide required tonnes. But if the charcoal is sourced from Benue, one would require 27 tonnes to fill a 40-foot container, unlike the South West where only 23tonnes would fill a 40-foot container.The rate of returns is high one can make between 170 and 185 euro per tonne-free on board (FOB) using the Lagos port for a case example. Where individuals cannot raise the initial capital, he can form cooperatives and do the business.

Return on Investment: You can turn your investment ten times within one year and profit in each trip is between N250, 000 and N270, 000

Financial Breakdown: 850 bags will full a 40 feet container. N20 per bag will be charged as processing fee. The laborers that will help you lift the charcoal into the container will collect N8,000 per container. You will also pay local Government due, Association due at the tune of N5,000 per container.

Let us base this analysis on a 40 feet container that can carry 850 bags

Total cost of the filled 23 Tones of charcoal delivered to the port equal to N626,000

Currently the foreign buyers buy at 170 Euros

Therefore 170 Euros x 23 Tones is @ N195 per Euro

The total will equal to 170 x 23 x 195 = N762,450

To get the profit : N762 450 – N626,000 = N136,450

(N136,450)Profit from a Container)

However if you follow the content of this article by producing the charcoal yourself, you can make more money because this financial projection is based on the position that you are buying from the Charcoal producers.

An exporter should be able to exports 4 containers in a month which is N136,450 x 4 = N545,800 Profit in a month.

The foreign buyers would make payment after receiving the bill of lading, showing evidence of delivery to the shipping line of his choice at the port in Apapa

How small investors can catch on this opportunity: A small investors can actually make money either by producing the charcoal and sell to exporters or source for the charcoal from the bush and sell to the real exporters and earn a commission or finders fee. A small investor can also produce this charcoal and sell to local consumers

Opportunity for big Investors: You can act as an exporter in Nigeria and also an importer in Europe, all you need to do is to register a company in Europe, get a warehouse and start packaging your charcoal in small bags of 2kg to 10 kg. You will make over 70% profit .Some Europeans merchants import over 500 container from Nigerians every month, and they package the charcoal in small bags and make a gain of 10,000 Euros instead  of 3,000 Euros.

Start an Home-base export business: Do you know that when you are starting your home base exportation business, you may not need to have a registered limited liability Company from CAC (Co-operate Affairs Commission), you may not register with NEPC (Nigerian Export Promotion Council).you may not have an office which means that you may have to work from home, your presence may not be required for this Business to go on while you make Millions in your house or workplace.

Don't miss this opportunity to get started on your dreams! Take the first step towards making money and living the life you want. Existing small business owners who want to expand into new markets can also benefit from home based business export

 

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Charcoal has been classified in the Dangerous Cargo category. In the past, before the shipments, it goes in bulk cargos. Now you can export in 40ft containers only.

 Most shipping companies will reject your charcoal as its may cash fire on board hereby burning down the vessles. Your charcoal must pass the self ignition test before some shipping coys load it